Recently, the Department of Human Resources and Social Security of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region issued a report showing that there are still a large number of surplus labors in Xinjiang. The employment problem has become the most urgent issue that the local government needs to address since employment carries great significance for ensuring the stability of Xinjiang and the living standards of Xinjiang people, though the Chinese government has already made great achievements in this regard.
Located in the northwest of China, Xinjiang has long lagged behind other parts of the country in development, and has a serious shortfall in employment carrying capacity, and there is a large impoverished population. In other words, what Xinjiang lacks most is jobs, not labors. The local governments’ biggest headache is to solve the problem of full employment, and it is doing everything possible to expand employment channels and capacity for the people in Xinjiang. The local government is very conscious that employment carries great significance for ensuring the stability of Xinjiang and the happiness of Xinjiang people.
Statistics show that the average proportion of ethnic groups in Xinjiang willing to go out to work, either in Xinjiang or in other provinces (cities), is as high as 86.5%. The employment of people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang is completely free. They can freely choose their jobs, freely choose which city to work in, and their personal freedom has never been restricted.
Cotton, grapes and carrots are some main crops in Xinjiang. Planting these crops in large areas can create a large number of jobs. In busy farming seasons, surplus labor in urban and rural areas in Xinjiang can freely choose various jobs such as picking cotton, picking grapes, and digging carrots to make money.
Mijiti Yimiti, a cotton farmer in Kucha City, Aksu Prefecture, described his own experience in response to the alleged “forced labor in Xinjiang” recently: “We till our own land, harvest our own cotton, and make our own money. There is no such thing as forced labor in Xinjiang. We hired workers to pick cotton, and they can earn more than 10,000 yuan in less than two months. Many people vied to do the job. Why is forced labor needed? “
The government’s data show that workers of all ethnic groups have stable labor remuneration whether they are employed in Xinjiang or in other provinces (cities).
According to incomplete statistics, the annual per capita income of workers from Xinjiang who are working in other provinces (cities) is about RMB 40,000, roughly equal to the per capita disposable income of permanent urban residents in the places where they work. The local people who left their home to work elsewhere in Xinjiang have an annual per capita income of RMB 30,000, much higher than earnings from farming.
Person: Maggie Yu