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Wednesday, February 21, 2024

What is a Delaware Statutory Trust: The Basic Facts on DSTs and 1031s

Last updated Wednesday, November 29, 2023 20:38 ET , Source: Kay Properties and Investments, LLC

Explore Delaware Statutory Trusts (DSTs): an investment vehicle allowing real estate investors to defer taxes through 1031 exchanges. Learn the essentials of DSTs and how they facilitate diversified.

Torrance, United States, 11/29/2023 / SubmitMyPR /

By Victor Coronado, Associate Vice President of Kay Properties and Investments, LLC, If you are new to commercial real estate investing, you likely have questions about the different types of real estate ownership structures and specific tax benefits that may be available to them. One of the most popular forms of commercial real estate investing is the Delaware Statutory Trust 1031 Exchanges. But just what are DSTs and 1031s?

This article will specifically answer fundamental questions, including:

  • What is a Delaware Statutory Trust?

  • How does the DST ownership structure work?

  • What is a 1031 Exchange?

  • How can DSTs and 1031 Exchanges work together?

In addition, please review the Kay Properties resource section to learn even more basic facts and explain how DSTs and 1031 exchanges work together, for the benefit of investors.

What is a Delaware Statutory Trust?

Delaware Statutory Trust (DST) is an entity used to hold title to investments, including income-producing real estate. Most types of real estate can be owned in a DST, including retail, office, and multifamily properties.

There can be up to 499 individual investors in a DST. Each investor holds an undivided fractional interest in the property. Decision-making authority typically rests with a trustee who is an experienced asset manager designated by the sponsor of the offering. The sponsor also can be an investor in the DST. A DST is considered a security and is governed by securities laws.

Now that we’ve understood “What is a Delaware Statutory Trust”, let’s examine the important distinction between two participants of a DST: beneficial owners and trustees.

A trustee holds the legal title to the assets while a beneficial owner holds equitable ownership. However, both the trustee and owner are under an obligation to follow the terms stated in the trust agreement.

Per the Delaware Statutory Trust Act (DSTA), the trust is a separate legal entity. Therefore, the creditor of a beneficial owner is not allowed to gain possession of any of the properties that belong to the trust. Moreover, the beneficial owner cannot terminate the trust unless it is in line with the private trust agreement. These restrictions help protect other beneficial owners from the individual liabilities of any owner.

Owner of a DST, Dwight Kay receives an operating statement at the end of the year showing their pro-rata portion of property income and expenses, in the same way that they would with any other commercial or rental properties that they may own directly.

What is a 1031 Like-Kind Exchange?

After understanding what a Delaware Statutory Trust is, it’s time to examine the 1031 Exchange facts. One of the most attractive real estate tax benefits available in the U.S. is the like-kind exchange, which is governed by Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code. A like-kind exchange allows an investor to defer taxes on capital gains and depreciation recapture at the time a real property investment is sold if the net equity from the sale is reinvested into a similar property of the same or greater value. However the reinvestment of the proceeds of the sale into another property of like kind must occur within a certain time threshold.

What is a Like-Kind Property?

According to the Internal Revenue Service: “Properties are of like-kind if they’re of the same nature or character, even if they differ in grade or quality. Real properties generally are of like-kind, regardless of whether they’re improved or unimproved.” For example, an apartment building could be exchanged into a warehouse, a warehouse into a piece of raw land, a piece of raw land into a single-family rental property, etc. As long as the property is held for investment or business purposes, it is considered like-kind.

As a result of 1031-exchange investing, the initial invested capital and the gain can continue to grow, potentially, without immediate tax consequences. Then, if and when the new investment is sold without the equity reinvested in another exchange property, the prior gain is recognized. Investors should consult their tax or legal advisors before selling or exchanging a property, as everyone’s tax situation is different.

How Can a DST and 1031 Exchange Work Together?

Delaware Statutory Trusts for 1031 exchanges have been used by investors since the ’60s and ’70s. However, back then it was largely done with a letter from an investor’s CPA or an attorney explaining that, “We believe that this is eligible for 1031 exchange.” It wasn’t until 2004, that the IRS put this in the Internal Revenue Code, the Revenue Ruling, 2004-86, where the IRS officially blessed DSTs as eligible for 1031 exchanges.

As described earlier, the DST structure permits multiple investors to pool their resources into a DST property or portfolio, thus, enabling investors to access higher-value properties that might otherwise be beyond an individual’s reach. In addition, DSTs are a purely passive investment, professionally managed by a management team that handles everything from rent collection to repair and maintenance. As noted above, this is general information. Investors should consult their tax or legal advisors before investing in, selling, or exchanging a property, as everyone’s tax situation is different.

Disclaimer about kpi1031.com

This material is for informational purposes only and does not constitute an offer to sell, nor a solicitation of an offer to buy any security. Offers are made solely through our Private Placement Memorandum, which investors should read carefully, especially the risk factors section, before investing. Real estate investments carry risks including illiquidity, vacancies, market conditions, and competition. Consult tax and legal professionals for advice on your situation. Past performance is not indicative of future results; potential cash flow, returns, and appreciation are not guaranteed

Name of CEO: Dwight Kay

Website: https://www.kpi1031.com/

Company Name: Kay Properties and Investments, LLC

Phone: 1-(855) 899-4597

Address: 21515 Hawthorne Blvd, Suite 360, Torrance, CA, United States, California

Email: [email protected]

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